|Since China's crackdown
on an uprising in 1959, numerous Tibetans have fled their homeland,
with the largest cluster of exiles, 140,000, in India. About
7,000 live in the United States or Canada, helped in part by
sympathetic Americans curious about Eastern faiths.
Only about 50 Tibetans live in Michigan, but their culture
and Buddhist faith have attracted thousands of non-Tibetans
across the United States who sympathize with their cause.
"If you stand in the presence of His Holiness,"
Rimpoche said, referring to the Dalai Lama, "you feel
totally different. He takes you on a ride of joy."
He paused and then chuckled.
"I know, I'm talking like a hippie. But it's true."
Rimpoche -- who plans to follow up the Dalai Lama's visit
with his own lecture tour of the Midwest -- is related to
the previous Dalai Lama and comes from a well-known family.
He said it's too late for him to return to Tibet.
Besides, "how can I get used to living again at 13,000
feet," he joked, referring to Tibet's high plateau. "I'm
an old guy. I can't go back."
Other Tibetan Americans dream of returning.
A difficult escape ...
"I would love to go back to Tibet," said J. Tseten,
37, who lives in Ypsilanti. "I just want to see my family,
my parents ... before they die."
Like Rimpoche and many others who made it out, Tseten has
a story of escape and loss.
When he was young, Tseten's family scraped by and was often
hungry under Chinese rule. He recalled foraging for weeds
and grass in the mountains near their home.
The constant fear made it worse. Tseten said the Chinese
government had an extensive network of spies.
"Whatever we did, the Chinese kept watch on us very
closely," Tseten said after a prayer service last week
at Rimpoche's center, called Jewel Heart. "I felt like
I was in prison."
Tseten was a Buddhist monk in Tibet, but religious repression
made his life difficult.
In 1993, he fled for India with a group of about 25 other
Tibetans. They hitchhiked and trekked through the mountains
toward Nepal and then India.
Tseten said he survived on roasted barley flour mixed with
water. At one point, the Nepali police jailed them, but they
managed to get released and make their way toward India. He
still has a scar on his right hand from when he stumbled on
a sharp rock on a cliff.
After arriving in the city of Dharamsala, the headquarters
of the Tibetan government in exile, they met the Dalai Lama.
"I thought, is this real or a dream?" Tseten recalled.
"I held his hand and put it on my head and started crying."
In 1998, Tseten came to the United States on a Buddhist monk
tour of various U.S. cities to publicize the Tibetan cause.
Rimpoche then got him a visa.
He gave up being a monk and got a job at a hospital, because
"if you walk around and go to work wearing the robes,
people will think you're crazy," he joked.
During the past month, he has kept a close eye on news of
the protests in Tibet and worries about his two brothers.
"But my phone call can't get through," he said.
"These last few weeks, I can't think straight."
Ujjen Tsewang, 48, of Ann Arbor also worries about his family
"So many people have disappeared," he said.
Tsewang makes sure to teach his two teenage sons the Tibetan
language, but he fears that unless Tibetans get greater autonomy,
their centuries-old culture will disappear... and a new life
At the age of 4, Rimpoche was tapped to be an incarnate lama,
a prestigious title that meant he was destined to be a Buddhist
spiritual teacher. Rimpoche moved away from his family to
live in the Drepung monastery, where he spent long days studying
and debating Buddhism.
But in 1959, Rimpoche and others fled on foot, the sound
of gunfire at their backs, he said.
In India, he met Americans interested in his faith and then
moved to the United States.
During the past 20 years, he has become a teacher to Americans
looking for Buddhist wisdom. The beatnik poet Allen Ginsberg
was a student whose last rites were performed by Rimpoche.
Music composer Philip Glass is another student; the two plan
to lecture today along with actor Richard Gere in Hill Auditorium
at the University of Michigan.
Rimpoche gave up being a monk several years ago and has a
girlfriend with whom he raises two of her grandchildren. He's
also a U.S. citizen, asking the government to help Tibetans.
"America protects freedom, human rights and democracy
around the world," he said. "So I hope Tibet can
benefit from that."
For a schedule of Rimpoche's lectures, go to www.dalailamaannarbor.com/schedule.html